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Breast Cancer- What you need to know!

Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer has become the most common invasive cancer in women both in developed and developing countries. It is the second main cause of cancer death in women, after lungs cancer. The chance of any woman dying from breast cancer is around 1 in 37 or 2.7 percent. Most of us would know of someone, whether it’s an aunt, mother, cousin, sister, or a friend, who has battled breast cancer.

Do You Know the Fast facts?

Symptoms include a lump or thickening of the breast and changes to the skin or the nipple. Risk factors can be genetic, but some lifestyle factors, such as alcohol intake, make it more likely to happen. A range of treatments is available, including surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Many breast lumps are not cancerous, but any woman who is concerned about a lump or change should see a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms?

The first symptoms of breast cancer are usually an area of thickened tissue in the breast or a lump in the breast or in an armpit. Other symptoms include pain in the armpits or breastΒ that does not change with the monthly cycle. Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast, like the skin of an orange. A rash around or on one of the nipples. A discharge from a nipple, possibly containing blood. A sunken or inverted nipple. A change in the size or shape of the breast. Peeling, flaking or scaling of the skin on the breast or nipple.

Most lumps are not cancerous, but women should have them checked by a health care professional.

 Breast Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast, bloody discharge from the nipple and changes in the shape or texture of the nipple or breast.

Who All Is At Risk?

Simply being a woman is the main risk factor for breast cancer. Men can get breast cancer too, but this disease is about 100 times more common in women compared to men. Though the risk of disease is widely spread across all age groups, a high number is seen in women aged 55 and older. About 5% to 10% of breast cancer cases are thought to be genetic. Having a first-degree relative with breast cancer almost doubles a woman’s risk. Having 2 first-degree relatives increases her risk of 3-fold.

A large numberΒ of breast cancer cases are due to lifestyle factors. Nutrition, exercise, sleep, stress, environmental toxins, and mental health play a larger role in breast cancer development than just your genes alone.

Can You Lower the Risk?

First of all, get to and stay at a healthy weight. Both increased body weight and weight gain as an adult are linked with a higher risk of breast cancer after menopause. Many studies have shown that moderate to vigorous physical activity is linked with lower breast cancer risk, so it’s important to get regular physical activity. Alcohol also increases the risk of breast cancer. Even low levels of alcohol intake have been linked with an increase in risk. Lowering Saturated and Trans Fats, Mixing Protein options in the diet with limited processed meats and incorporating a high fiber diet throughout are a few factors considered to have lowered the risk of such diseases.

Lastly and more importantly, Regular checkups (screening, mammography, and MRI) along with being warned by early symptoms are the key to an early diagnosis and cure.

Breast cancer prevention

Breast cancer prevention starts with healthy habits, such as limiting alcohol and staying active.

In the past few years, Breast Cancer has touched nearly every one of us in some way or another. So awareness of the symptoms and the need for screening are important ways of reducing the risk. Because β€œPREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE”.

 

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